But it must be noticed that this responsibility is merely a practical and pastoral one. It carries no sacramental or juridical power with it and it is possible that in the future this function may pass to some other church.
The Autocephalous Churches
Orthodoxy is the beliefs and practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The word “Orthodox” comes from Greek, and it can mean either true teaching or true glory. A teaching that is orthodox is genuine. When written with a capital letter, it can designate the eastern churches after the split between Rome and Constantinople in AD 1054.
In 1054, the communion of churches that did not follow the formal leadership of the Pope in Rome, but continued with each other under the less formal authority of the Patriarch in Constantinople. Eastern Orthodox is One of the major divisions within Christianity (the others being Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism and Protestantism). It consists of 15 autocephalous churches. Each is headed by a bishop; most are related to a specific country, as in Serbian, Russian and Greek Orthodox. Read more ...